The Chinese communist party was founded in Shanghai in 1921. Even 10 years before the party was formed, there were student uprisings concerning communism. The party was founded by two Beijing University Professors; Chen Duxin and Li Dazhao. One of Li's students was Mao Zedong. These people believed in communism and Marxism-Leninism. There became two parties trying to rule the country; the Communist Party of China and the Nationalist government of China. In 1923 the Communists and the Nationalists joined forces to beat the warlords. But the Nationalist turned on the Communists and when they got to Shanghai, and they decided to clear out the communists.
The Russian and Chinese Revolutions also compare in the fact that they both wanted to spread their communist ideals to other countries. Russia wanted to spread their views to Cuba, Poland, Hungary, Korea, and more. In China, they wanted their ideas to spread to Vietnam. The reason for this similarity is because both countries wanted more power, and the more political influence a nation has, the more powerful the nation becomes. The new communist regimes wanted as much influence as the emerging Western powers, so they wanted their views to be spread.
It remains unclear how China’s new ruling class will attempt to meet these mounting challenges. No doubt, the Chinese Communist Party will seek to maintain tremendous influence over the country’s economy and the lives of its citizens. Yet at the same time, the Chinese government will face growing internal pressure to implement further economic reforms, if it is to sustain strong levels of economic growth in the future. This tension in China presents a potential opportunity for U.S. policymakers and lawmakers seeking to encourage positive changes to Chinese economic and trade policies.
[i] Chalmers A. Johnson, Peasant Nationalism and Communist Power: The Emergence of Revolutionary China 1937-1945 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1962), 3.
Rise of communism in china essay – Gérard Dion et Fils …
Minxin Pei, From Reform to Revolution: The Demise of Communism in China and the Soviet Union (Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1994), 11).
Communism in China Essay Examples & Outline | MyEssayS…
It was the Great Leap Forward. Mao Zedong focused on the improvement of agriculture. He created communes by combining the villages and made them work together. Though he tried to improve the agricultural production, Great Leap Forward was failed because communes couldn't produce large amounts of food. Further more, Mao Zedong saw that the forming of communist nation was the only way to improve China at that time so the capitalism wasn't needed at all. Deng Xiaoping made a plan called 'The Four modernization'. He focused on agriculture, industry, science and defense. Especially on economy, people were allowed to have some private ownership of properties and trade or small businesses. In agricultural side, peasants could have their own small lands. Even though the state owned the lands, peasants could take a certain amount of food and sell the rests. Also he allowed the foreign investments. Now,
While there were many factors that contributed to the downfall of Communism in the Soviet Union, the main one was that during the 1980s nobody believed in it anymore; which was the key difference between the survival of Communism in China. In the 1980s the people did not trust the Communist ideology anymore. Quite frankly, once Mikhail Gorbachev introduced his liberal reforms of Glasnost, people were more inclined to talk to the government; in doing so the people spoke badly of the Communist government because they did not give the people what they promised. China on the other hand put less of an influence on controlling the entire country, and more of an influence on the economy. By putting less of an influence on control of the state, people remained happy with the government. In addition, new economic reforms that were being introduced, gave more economic freedom to the people of China. In addition, as already mentioned China had a truly mass movement with Communism, while the Soviet Union was largely created with the ideas of one man, Lenin. China’s pragmatic ideology can be seen in every corner of the country. The 5-year plans are a bold way of testing whether a specific policy is efficient for the country. The people of China trust and believe in their government. On the other hand, the Soviet Union, was a failed attempt at internationalizing Communism. Largely one man, Vladimir Lenin, which resulted in the Soviet government not adapting to times, influenced it. The Soviet Union miscalculated the national identity of the ethnicities it took under its wing. Political reform was put before economic reform, and this essentially resulted in the downfall of Soviet Union and of Communism therein.
Essay about Social Problems in Communist China - 413 Words
A quarter of a century since communism collapsed in Europe and then in the USSR, China's Communist Party - seemingly - continues to flourish. Under its direction, China has become a global economic and political force. The party has recast itself as a champion of the market economy, while remaining an essentially secretive, Leninist organisation.