Francis Bacon never gained financial or political support for his scientific program during his lifetime. His philosophic influence in England was negligible during the first third of the seventeenth century, although his importance was understood in the 1620s by Continental philosophers such as Pierre Gassendi, Marin Mersenne, Ren Descartes, Christiaan Huygens, and Isaac Beeckman. By mid-century, however, Bacon's works were highly valued everywhere. In the 1640s, Protestant educational reformists led by Samuel Hartlib saw Bacon as a forerunner. John Wilkins, Seth Ward, and John Webster followed Bacon in attempting to devise an accurate scientific language. But Bacon's greatest influence was on the early members of England's (est. 1662), who viewed him as their intellectual progenitor. Bacon's star blazed bright into the eighteenth century, but was clouded in the nineteenth, when biographers charged him with perfidy in prosecuting his treasonous former patron, the earl of Essex. Nonetheless, the upsurge in published studies of Bacon's life and work at the turn of the twenty-first century makes evident his status as a seminal figure in the history of early modern science.
Francis Bacon, 1561–1626, English philosopher, essayist, and statesman, b. London, educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, and at Gray's Inn. He was the son of Sir Nicholas Bacon, lord keeper to Queen Elizabeth I. Francis Bacon was a member of Parliament in 1584 and his opposition to Elizabeth's tax program retarded his political advancement; only the efforts of the earl of led Elizabeth to accept him as an unofficial member of her Learned Council. At Essex's trial in 1601, Bacon, putting duty to the state above friendship, assumed an active part in the prosecution—a course for which many have condemned him. With the succession of James I, Bacon's fortunes improved. He was knighted in 1603, became attorney general in 1613, lord keeper in 1617, and lord chancellor in 1618; he was created Baron Verulam in 1618 and Viscount St. Albans in 1621. In 1621, accused of accepting bribes as lord chancellor, he pleaded guilty and was fined £40,000, banished from the court, disqualified from holding office, and sentenced to the Tower of London. The banishment, fine, and imprisonment were remitted. Nevertheless, his career as a public servant was ended. He spent the rest of his life writing in retirement.
Bacon belongs to both the worlds of philosophy and literature. He projected a large philosophical work, the but completed only two parts, (1605), later expanded in Latin as (1623), and the (1620). Bacon's contribution to philosophy was his application of the inductive method of modern science. He urged full investigation in all cases, avoiding theories based on insufficient data. However, he has been widely censured for being too mechanical, failing to carry his investigations to their logical ends, and not staying abreast of the scientific knowledge of his own day. In the 19th cent., Macaulay initiated a movement to restore Bacon's prestige as a scientist. Today his contributions are regarded with considerable respect. In (1627) he describes a scientific utopia that found partial realization with the organization of the Royal Society in 1660. Noted for their style and their striking observations about life, his largely aphoristic (1597–1625) are his best-known writings.
See his works (14 vol., 1857–74, repr. 1968); biography by L. Jardine and A. Stewart (1999); studies by J. Weinberger (1985) and P. Urbach (1987); D. W. Davies and E. S. Wrigley, ed., (1973).
"Judges must be aware of hard constructions and strained inferences, for there is no worse torture than the torture of laws."
—Sir Francis Bacon
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Francis Bacon Quotes (Author of The Essays) - Goodreads
Francis Bacon was born January, 22, 1561, the second child of SirNicholas Bacon (Lord Keeper of the Seal) and his second wife Lady AnneCooke Bacon, daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke, tutor to Edward VI and oneof the leading humanists of the age. Lady Anne was highly erudite: shenot only had a perfect command of Greek and Latin, but was alsocompetent in Italian and French. Together with his older brotherAnthony, Francis grew up in a context determined by political power,humanist learning, and Calvinist zeal. His father had built a new housein Gorhambury in the 1560s, and Bacon was educated there for some sevenyears; later, along with Anthony, he went to Trinity College, Cambridge(1573–5), where he sharply criticized the scholastic methods ofacademic training. Their tutor was John Whitgift, in later lifeArchbishop of Canterbury. Whitgift provided the brothers with classicaltexts for their studies: Cicero, Demosthenes, Hermogenes, Livy,Sallust, and Xenophon (Peltonen 2007). Bacon began his studiesat Gray's Inn in London in 1576; but from 1577 to 1578 heaccompanied Sir Amias Paulet, the English ambassador, on his mission inParis. According to Peltonen (2007):
Sir francis bacon essays | Cause and Effect Essay
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Sir Francis Bacon was an English philosopher, ..
In conclusion, Francis Bacon’s essay “Of great place” was written more than 400 years ago, however it still features useful advice that is also valid nowadays. Nevertheless, some pieces of Bacon’s advice are rather evil and cannot be regarded as those that are worth operating as they include self-centered and selfish ideas.