The answer for some is a clear no. Too vague and ill-defined, too freighted with political baggage, not an area for scientific enquiry. In this view, epidemiology, in investigating causation, should be about establishing exposure-disease relationships, not lamenting the ills of society. Poverty is lamentable and may be bad for health but let’s stick with more proximate causes that can be defined and measured. PM 2.5 can be measured, so can smoking and drinking and, with somewhat less precision, dietary intake; better still are biomarkers or SNPs. But poverty? It will mean something different in Zambia than it will in Glasgow; something different in 1950 from what it means in 2020. What does it mean, then, to be studying poverty and health? Or, when studying the social gradient in health, as I do, being in the middle of the socioeconomic hierarchy will have different implications in Kolkata than it will in Berlin.
The researchers saw more improvement when they looked at the impact of intervention programs aimed at improving the mental health of people living in poverty. The interventions they reviewed varied from administration of psychiatric drugs, to community-based rehabilitation programs, to individual or group , to residential drug treatment, to family education. They also looked at the impact of mental health help on the rate and duration of employment and on family finances.
But living in poverty for any significant length of time increases all sorts of risk factors for health and mental health problems. You are more stressed, worrying about money constantly, and how you’re going to pay the bills or have enough money to eat. You eat worse because bad, processed food is so often cheaper than nutritional food. If you can still afford to live on your own, you will likely do so in a neighborhood more prone to violence, exposing you to more and risk for personal violence.
Childhood development is both a biological and psychological period that occurs to every human from birth to adolescence. The transition from dependency to autonomy characterizes this period. The crucial factors that affect this period include parental life, prenatal development, and genetics among others. Childhood period is immensely significant for the child’s future health and development. Parents, health professional, and educators who work collectively make efforts to ensure proper child development. Such efforts are essential in making sure that children grow to reach their full potential. However, it is not easy to raise a child in modern times, because certain factors emerge to ruin this pivotal stage in life. Poverty is a serious problem that can immensely affect child’s development (Horgan, 2007). Children are susceptible developmentally to problems in the earliest period of their life. Poverty is not a selective issue, and it can affect all ages in any place, but its impact is worse when exposed to children at their early development stage. Some of the effects of poverty encompass areas such as stress, health, parenting, child literacy, and housing. Poverty affected children are highly predisposed to developmental risk issues (Junn & Boyatzis, 2000). This paper examines the various impacts of poverty o early child development.
pressure on health services and affects ..
Stress is an impact of poverty on early child development. Poverty causes corrosion of families and parental relationships making it extremely hard for parents to get involved in parenting and providing for the child’s basic needs. Parental stress affects the development process of a child, and extreme stress can impair the neuron pathways of the child’s brain which is underdeveloped (Kail, 2006). As a result, continuous problems in learning, physical and mental health emerge in the child’s life. Studies affirm that the prevalence of poverty is high in households with non-English residents, single parents, and large families with high illiteracy levels. All these are contributing factors of poverty that result in stress. This implies that children in these families are exposed to development problems, but it should not guarantee that children raised in English families do not experience development problems.
Causes And Effects Of Poverty Economics Essay
For some, it may cost more than they can afford to improve the grounds around them with local law enforcement dealing with similar financial woes. In many cases poverty can have a dramatic effect on an environment that can take years to improve depending on the needs of the area. When people have other concerns such as how to pay for food, utilities, or their health needs, the environment around them may be the last thing they are thinking about.
Poverty affects the health of a child, which negatively influences the development process. Researchers claim that children conceived by mothers suffering from poverty have susceptibility to low birth weight and various infections. Low birth weight in babies is linked to lifelong problems including higher rates of infection, cerebral palsy and even obesity at a later stage of life. Studies also pointed out that parents affected by poverty have higher chances of smoking. This is because it is the only cheapest form of leisure. However, smoking during pregnancy is immensely detrimental to the health of the child. Smoking by expectant mothers is associated with increased prematurity rates and high prevalence of low birth weight. Another study also claimed that children who were exposed to passive smoking eventually have poor health and higher incidences of respiratory diseases such as asthma. Poverty-affected mothers have relatively lower breastfeeding rates. Breastfeeding is significant to the development of premature and low birth weight babies (Maume & Arrighi, 2007). It is more likely that mothers who do not or rarely breastfeed are smokers, young, obese, and illiterate. These are contributing factors to poor outcome in children.
Poverty and Health - World Bank
[…] Effects of Poverty of Health | obesity, stress, disease … – Poverty increases health risks through increasing rates of obesity, levels of dangerous mental stress, and infectious disease. Poverty means poor medical care. […]